RTCA Special Committees (SCs) leverage the expertise of the aviation community to generate recommendations in response to requests (Taskings) from the FAA to address technical topics. Special Committees develop Operational and Safety Performance Requirements, Interoperability Requirements, Minimum Aviation System Performance Standards (MASPS), Minimum Operational Performance Standards (MOPS), reports and guidelines. These documents shape the certification of the safety and efficiency of new equipment and provide a competitive market for the implementation of these technologies. MASPS and MOPS are frequently referred to by the FAA in Technical Standard Orders and Advisory Circulars and, thereby, provide a partial basis for the certification of equipment. RTCA documents are also used by the private sector for development, investment and other business decisions.

Many of these Special Committees are EUROCAE joint committees to develop internationally harmonized recommendations.